Through TalentJourney, we decided to tackle skills gap in manufacturing sector focused on Connectivity Devices and Services (IoT in Smart Manufacturing); the solutions we aim at are user oriented, user- and eco-friendly. In order to achieve this goal, it is important to consider actual and future developments in IoT and related areas of technology, such as Artificial Intelligence.
According to Business Insider (www.businessinsider.com/internet-of-things-report?IR=T), the continued growth of the IoT is going to be a transformative force across all organizations. The IoT market is foreseen to grow to over $2.4 trillion annually by 2027, and there will be more than 41 billion IoT devices by 2025 (compared to about 8 billion in 2019). These IoT devices generate a huge amount of data, and this is where Artificial Intelligence comes into play: AI’s algorithms convert data into useful actionable results that can be implemented by IoT devices, thus making these devices able to learn from data and experience. Robots in manufacturing are a great example of what IoT and AI can accomplish together!
As CoE’s Expert Committee on human rights dimensions of automated data processing and different forms of artificial intelligence (MSI-AUT) pointed out, it is undeniable that AI technologies generate extensive benefits, for example in terms of efficiency, accuracy, timeliness, convenience. However, it is also important to examine the possible threats, risks and consequences associated with the development and application of advanced digital technologies, which continue to grow in power and sophistication. (https://rm.coe.int/responsability-and-ai-en/168097d9c5)
The month of June 2020 has marked a very important, globally significant step in this respect: we have witnessed the launch of the Global Partnership on Artificial Intelligence (GPAI), which Secretariat is hosted by OECD. It is an international, multistakeholder coalition that brings together leading experts from industry, civil society, governments and academia. It is aimed at ensuring the AI is developed and used in a responsible way, guaranteeing the respect of human rights and democratic values. The GPAI is in fact grounded in and guided by the OECD AI Principles (www.oecd.org/going-digital/ai/principles/), adopted in May 2019, which were also the basis for the G20 human-centred AI Principles (June 2019). The adoption of common principles is important to shape and guide future developments toward a responsible and trustworthy AI, beneficial to the people and to the planet.
GPAI’s founding members include Germany, Italy, Slovenia and the European Union. The Partnership bases its work on the OECD AI Policy Observatory (https://oecd.ai/), launched earlier this year. OECD.AI provides a comprehensive online database of AI policies from around the world (it contains information on more than 300 AI strategies from over 60 countries!) and facilitates multi-stakeholder dialogue. There is also a new feature that uses AI to track COVID-19 developments around the world in real time.